Accessorial Charges
The charges added to a freight bill for services beyond standard freight handling.


Bill of Lading
A legal tender document that transfers possession of goods for transit and lays out requirements and responsibilities.
An agent or third party paid to arrange the movement of goods. A customs broker is a party contracted to manage and clear freight during international movements.


Capacity Shipment
A shipment that has hit the limits of LTL acceptance. This shipment will usually have additional costs applied.
Claim (Freight)
The process in which a demand for payment occurs for loss or damage to a cargo shipment.

Claim (Overcharge)
The process in which a demand for refund overcharges are due to incorrect application of rates.
Any goods or products shipped.
The company or person who will receive and sign for the goods or products shipped.


Delivery Receipt
A document used for the delivery of goods going to the final destination.
Using a calculation to determine the lbs/cu/ft of a shipment. Results are used to assign Freight Classification (See NMFC and See Density Calculator). Also known as Freight Class.
Instructions given to a driver to pick up goods at a shipping location.
A building or platform used for the handling and transfer of goods/freight.


The direct and immediate movement of goods from a shipping location to a consignee location with no stopping in between.


A generalized term for commodity.
Freight Class (Density and/or NMFC)
A classification assigned based on the shipments actual description and density. The class reflects the lbs/cu/ft and how much space is required in a trailer to transport the shipment.


Hazardous Material
Any goods or commodity that require special handling instructions due to their enhanced risk to the public. (Instructions are defined by the U. S. Department of Transportation.)


A document prepared and presented to the responsible party for the charges associated to a freight movement. Also known as the Freight Bill.


Less Than Truckload (LTL)
A shipment typically consisting of 8 or less pallets and/or less than 10,000 lbs. Transit is typically combined with other LTL shipments for a cost offset of a full truckload.
Linear Foot
A rule applied by LTL companies. Additional charges are applied if a shipment exceeds a carrier’s linear foot maximum acceptance.


Minimum Charge
The lowest cost applied to a shipment, even if the discounted charge falls below the stated minimum.


National Motor Freight Classification (NMFC)
The industry standard used by carriers to define and classify goods for transit. (More info can be found at


A receipt of goods by the carrier or consignee in an amount that exceeds the started amount of pieces due to the consignee, per the Bill of Lading.


Small packages and shipment typically consisting of a single loose piece, less than 75 lbs and less than 110 inches in girth. (Length + Width + Height = <110 inches)
Payment Terms
The party assigned on the Bill of Lading as the responsible party to pay freight charges. This can be prepaid, collect or a third party.
PRO Number
A unique sequential identifier, potentially alpha numeric, assigned to distinguish a freight shipment. Also known as Progressive Rotating Order.


Shipping Documents
Specific documents that accompany a Bill of Lading to identify shipments and potentially specific handling requirements.


Truck Ordered Not Used (TONU)
Vehicle furnished but canceled prior to pick-up. Charges may be incurred by responsible party.
Assigned as an exclusive use vehicle for shipments that exceed LTL limits. This is typically 9 or more pallets or exceeds 10,000 lbs.